Country of Origin: Great Britain
History: The “Yorkie” was originally bred to control rats in cotton mills and mines in Yorkshire, England. It was popular among the working class, especially weavers. Later, it became a fashionable pet during the Victorian age. Originally called a broken-haired Scotch terrier, the breed was renamed the Yorkshire terrier by 1870. It is a descendant of the Waterside terrier, Old English black-and-tan terrier, rough-coated English terrier, paisley terrier, and Clydesdale terrier. It first came to the U.S. in the 1870s.
Physical Description: The Yorkie is a very small, well-balanced dog with square proportions and a high head carriage. Its skull is small and flat; the muzzle is tapered with a small, black, button nose. The naturally erect ears are small and V-shaped. The tail is docked to medium length and carried slightly higher than the back. The distinctive coat is long, silky, and glossy, parted down the center of the back and hanging straight to the floor. The long hair on the head is parted or tied into a bow. The hair on the muzzle is long and blends into the chest hair. Puppies are born black and tan but by about two years old develop their adult steel blue and tan coloring.
Height: 7 to 9 inches
Weight: 3 to 7 pounds
Temperament: The scrappy Yorkie is a true terrier. Despite its small size, it is courageous and assertive. It tends to get along well with most animals and children, but can become demanding and nippy if not socialized and trained.
Activity Level: Moderate
Best Owner: This is an adaptable dog that does well in a city or suburban home. It makes a good apartment dog.
Special Needs: Dental care, grooming, socialization, supervision with children and larger animals, training
Possible Health Concerns: Dental problems, hypoglycemia, Legg-Perthes disease, liver shunt, luxating patellas
the original dog bible – Mehus-Roe